Wednesday, 14 January 2009

Reinforcement Materials and Methods

Variations in Reinforcement Materials and Methods

Be aware that every reinforcement situation is likely to vary. This is even more prevalent today with stained glass being more utilised in conditions which present varied structural situations.

External steel bars
There are many methods employed to provide reinforcement and a variety of mounting procedures. Surface reinforcement is probably best accomplished with flat cold-rolled galvanized steel bars either 3/8" or 1/2" in width by 1/8" thick. Since they are directly affixed to the solder joints of the section they disperse greater reinforcement than with 14 gauge copper tie wires attached to round or square bars which tend to stretch and consequently result in buckling from the sagging of the section.

Steels
Internal flat steel bars incorporated within the heart of the came are also of excellent service, especially in vertical instances. Horizontally they provide lateral reinforcement but likely no vertical resistance to sag.

Saddle bars
These are normally round or square steel bars that span the opening. The panel is inserted into the opening and blocked into place. The saddle bars are placed in the slots prepared in the sides or top and bottom of the opening, and the copper ties already soldered to the panel’s joints are twisted round the bar.

T bars
These are “T” shaped bars attached to the sides of the opening with the leg of the “T” facing outwards, The panel is supported by resting on the horizontal portion of the “T”. It is then fixed into place and cemented. These bars are normally made of alloys that do not corrode easily.